The Ministry of Natural Resources is working collaboratively with the Ontario Provincial Police and local police services to protect public safety and educate communities across Ontario about black bear behaviour. Black bears that come into a populated area aren’t always a threat to public safety. This fact sheet explains who to contact about encounters with black bears.

Emergency Situations - Call 9-1-1 if a black bear poses an immediate threat to personal safety by exhibiting threatening or aggressive behaviour such as:

  • Entering a school yard when school is in session
  • Stalking people and is lingering at the site
  • Entering or trying to enter a residence
  • Wandering into a public gathering
  • Killing livestock/pets and is lingering at the site

Police are the first responder for any emergency situation. At the request of police, MNR will respond to emergency situations to assist.

Non-Emergency Encounters Call the toll-free Bear Wise reporting line at 1-866-514-2327 (TTY 705-945-7641) if a black bear is:

  • Roaming around, checking garbage cans
  • Breaking into a shed where garbage or food is stored
  • In a tree
  • Pulling down a bird feeder or knocking over a barbecue
  • Moving through a backyard or field but is not lingering

This line operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week from April 1 until November 30. Trained staff can provide advice about black bear behaviour, how to avoid human-bear conflicts, and how to remove attractants from property.

Reducing the Chances of an Encounter Even if they’re not causing a threat to public safety, black bears should be discouraged from staying in populated areas.

People can take steps on their property and in their neighbourhood to avoid attracting black bears into populated areas.

Visit for tips and to learn about bears.

The Ministry of Natural Resources would like to thank the many people who are already eliminating attractants. It takes only one property where attractants are not managed carefully to draw bears to a neighbourhood. Everyone must work together to keep black bears in the wild where they belong.

The Bear Wise Program provides advice to municipalities, the public, and other stakeholders about what they can do to keep black bears away from urban and semi-urban areas and how to manage problem bears.